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西部大开发为什么老是失败?

今天的南华早报文章问了这个问题。可是我读了文章之后,还是没找到答案。我有猜测,但是不便多说。

1983-86年我在央行读研究生的时候,就参加发改委(体改所)的西部大开发项目调研,政府雄心勃勃,要改造大西北,缩小与沿海的差距。

1999年,政府又有过西部大开发战略。

现在,差距更大了,不是缩小了。

东北大开发最近怎么样?

China launches new Go West development drive to counter post-coronavirus geopolitical risks.

China is looking to its western regions to help steady the economy amid friction with the US and potential isolation in the post-coronavirus world.

Beijing’s new Go West plan will build on its Western Development strategy, which had only mixed results in boosting regional growth after it was launched in 1999.

By Frank Tang, SCMP, 22 June 2020.

The central government announced a new Go West plan on the eve of the annual National People’s Congress last month, calling for development of central and western provinces to offset the risk of geopolitical isolation and a slowdown of export-led growth.

Gong Gang, an economics professor at Yunnan University of Finance and Economics, said China could no longer continue as a “peripheral nation in a system centred on the US” after Washington had labelled it a rival.

“Instead, China needs to embrace the belt and road countries, developing countries, and form a new system centred on itself,” Gong said. “China needs to shift to export yuan, rather than accumulate US dollar reserves with cheap exports.”

China’s embrace of international markets and the US-dominated financial system four decades ago laid the foundation for its economic miracle

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